Narrow Window Feature Extraction for EEG-Motor Imagery Classification using k-NN and Voting Scheme

Adi Wijaya, Teguh Bharata Adji, Noor Akhmad Setiawan

Abstract


Achieving consistent accuracy still big challenge in EEG based Motor Imagery classification since the nature of EEG signal is non-stationary, intra-subject and inter-subject dependent. To address this problems, we propose the feature extraction scheme employing statistical measurements in narrow window with channel instantiation approach. In this study, k-Nearest Neighbor is used and a voting scheme as final decision where the most detection in certain class will be a winner. In this channel instantiation scheme, where EEG channel become instance or record, seventeen EEG channels with motor related activity is used to reduce from 118 channels. We investigate five narrow windows combination in the proposed methods, i.e.: one, two, three, four and five windows. BCI competition III Dataset IVa is used to evaluate our proposed methods. Experimental results show that one window with all channel and a combination of five windows with reduced channel outperform all prior research with highest accuracy and lowest standard deviation. This results indicate that our proposed methods achieve consistent accuracy and promising for reliable BCI systems.

Keywords


EEG; Motor Imagery; Narrow Window; Channel Instantiation; Voting Scheme

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