Classification of Post-Stroke EEG Signal Using Genetic Algorithm and Recurrent Neural Networks

Ella Wahyu Guntari, Esmeralda Contessa Djamal, Fikri Nugraha, Sandi Lesmana Liem

Abstract


Stroke is caused by a sudden burst of blood vessels in the brain, causing speech difficulties, memory loss, and also paralysis. The identification of electrical activity in the brain of post-stroke patients from EEG signals is an attempt to evaluate rehabilitation. EEG signal recording involves multiple channels with overlapping information. Therefore the importance of channel optimization is to reduce processing time and reduce the computational burden. Besides, that channel optimization can have an overfitting effect due to excessive utilization of EEG channels. This paper proposed the optimization of EEG channels for the identification of post-stroke patients using Genetic Algorithms and Recurrent Neural Networks. Data was taken from 75 subjects with a recording duration of 180 seconds in a seated state. The data was segmented and extracted using Wavelet to get the frequency of the Alpha, Theta, Mu, Delta, and Amplitude changes. The next step is the channel optimization process using Genetic Algorithms. The method applied to get a combination of channels that qualifies. Then, the EEG signal identification proceeds of the optimization of the channels used Recurrent Neural Network. The result showed that applying the Genetic Algorithm afforded 12 channels configuration with 90.00% of accuracy; meanwhile, used all channels gave a 72.22% result. Therefore, channel optimization is essential to reduce redundancy and increase recognition.

Keywords


Post-Stroke classification; Optimization of channel; EEG Signal; Recurrent Neural Networks; Genetic Algorithm; Wavelet

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