Deep Convolutional Architecture for Block-Based Classification of Small Pulmonary Nodules

Ahmed Samy Ismaeil, Mohammed A.-Megeed Salem

Abstract


A pulmonary nodule is a small round or oval-shaped growth in the lung. Pulmonary nodules are detected in Computed Tomography (CT) lung scans. Early and accurate detection of such nodules could help in successful diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. In recent years, the demand for CT scans has increased substantially, thus increasing the workload on radiologists who need to spend hours reading through CT-scanned images. Computer-Aided Detection (CAD) systems are designed to assist radiologists in the reading process and thus making the screening more effective. Recently, applying deep learning to medical images has gained attraction due to its high potential. In this paper, inspired by the successful use of deep convolutional neural networks (DCNNs) in natural image recognition, we propose a detection system based on DCNNs which is able to detect pulmonary nodules in CT images. In addition, this system does not use image segmentation or post-classification false-positive reduction techniques which are commonly used in other detection systems. The system achieved an accuracy of 63.49% on the publicly available Lung Image Database Consortium (LIDC) dataset which contains 1018 thoracic CT scans with pulmonary nodules of different shapes and sizes.

Keywords


Medical Images Classification; Lung Nodules Detection; Deep Learning; CAD Systems; Supervised Learning

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