Email classification via intention-based segmentation

Sanjay Kumar Sonbhadra, Sonali Agarwal, Muhammad Syafrullah, Krisna Adiyarta

Abstract


Email is the most popular way of personal and official communication among people and organizations. Due to untrusted virtual environment, email systems may face frequent attacks like malware, spamming, social engineering, etc. Spamming is the most common malicious activity, where unsolicited emails are sent in bulk, and these spam emails can be the source of malware, waste resources, hence degrade the productivity. In spam filter development, the most important challenge is to find the correlation between the nature of spam and the interest of the users because the interests of users are dynamic. This paper proposes a novel dynamic spam filter model that considers the changes in the interests of users with time while handling the spam activities. It uses intention-based segmentation to compare different segments of text documents instead of comparing them as a whole. The proposed spam filter is a multi-tier approach where initially, the email content is divided into segments with the help of part of speech (POS) tagging based on voices and tenses. Further, the segments are clustered using hierarchical clustering and compared using the vector space model. In the third stage, concept drift is detected in the clusters to identify the change in the interest of the user. Later, the classification of ham emails into various categories is done in the last stage. For experiments Enron dataset is used and the obtained results are promising.

Keywords


Concept drift; Intention-based Segmentation; Part of speech(POS) tagging; Vector space model; Hierarchical clustering; Spam

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