Enhanced Ridge Direction for the Estimation of Fingerprint Orientation Fields

Saparudin Saparudin


An accurate estimation of fingerprint orientation fields is an important step in the fingerprint classification process. Gradient-based approaches are often used  for estimating orientation fields of ridge structures but this method is susceptible to noise. Enhancement of ridge direction improves the structure of orientation fields and increases the number of correct features thereby conducing the overall performance of the classification process. In this paper, we propose an algorithm to improve orientation field structures using variance of gradient. That algorithm have two steps; firstly, estimation of fingerprint orientation fields using gradient-based method, and finally, enhancement of ridge direction using minimum variance of the cross center block direction. We have used standard fingerprint database NIST-DB14 for testing of proposed algorithm to verify the degree of efficiency of algorithm. The experiment results suggest that our enhanced algorithm achieves visibly better noise resistance with other methods.

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