Hybrid Stand-alone Photovoltaic Systems Sizing Optimization Based on Load Profile

Zulkifli Othman, Shahril Irwan Sulaiman, Ismail Musirin, Ahmad Maliki Omar, Sulaiman Shaari

Abstract


This paper presents a sizing optimization technique for Hybrid Stand-Alone Photovoltaic (HSAPV). In this research, three optimization techniques have been developed, namely Dolphin Echolocation Algorithm (DEA), Fast Evolutionary Programming (FEP), and Classical Evolutionary Programming (CEP). These techniques have been incorporated into the sizing process to maximize the technical performance of the SAPV system. The components of PV modules, charge controllers, inverters, and batteries are used to determine the optimum value. These components are used as the control parameters to maximize the expected performance ratio (PR) of the SAPV system. The Iterative Sizing Algorithm (ISA) is the benchmarking technique to conduct the optimization technique achieving maximum PR value and minimal computation time. Results obtained from the research show that DE overcomes FEP and CEP. In addition, the optimization techniques also demonstrated comparatively fast with respect to ISA as the benchmark technique."


Keywords


Classical Evolutionary Programming (CEP), Dolphin Echolocation Algorithm (DEA), Evolutionary Programming (EP), Fast Evolutionary Programming (FEP), Performanca Ratio (PR)

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