Comparison of Solar Radiation Intensity Forecasting Using ANFIS and Multiple Linear Regression Methods

Hadi Suyono, Rini Nur Hasanah, R. A. Setyawan, Panca Mudjirahardjo, Anthony Wijoyo, Ismail Musirin


Solar radiation forecasting is important in solar energy power plants (SEPPs) development. The electrical energy generated from the sunlight depends on the weather and climate conditions in the area where the SEPPs are installed. The condition of solar irradiation will indirectly affect the electrical grid system into which the SEPPs are injected, i.e. the amount and direction of the power flow, voltage, frequency, and also the dynamic state of the system. Therefore, the prediction of solar radiation condition is very crucial to identify its impact into the system. There are many methods in determining the prediction of solar radiation, either by mathematical approach or by heuristic approach such as artificial intelligent method. This paper analyzes the comparison of two methods, Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference (ANFIS) method, which belongs into the heuristic methods, and Multiple Linear Regression (MLP) method, which uses a mathematical approach. The performance of both methods is measured using the root mean square error (RMSE) and the mean absolute error (MAE) values. The data of the Swiss Basel city from Meteoblue are used to test the performance of the two methods being compared. The data are divided into four cases, being classified as the training data and the data used as predictions. The solar radiation prediction using the ANFIS method indicates the results which are closer to the real measurement results, being compared to the the use MLP method. The average values of RMSE and MAE achieved are 123.27 W/m2 and 90.91 W/m2 using the ANFIS method, being compared to 138.70 W/m2 and 101.56 W/m2 respectively using the MLP method. The ANFIS method gives better prediction performance of 12.51% for RMSE and 11.71% for MAE with respect to the use of the MLP method.


ANFIS, Forecasting, MAE, Multiple linear regression, RMSE, Solar radiation

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