Knots timber detection and classification with C-Support Vector Machine

Fakhira Iwani Muhammad Redzuan, Marina Yusoff

Abstract


Timber knots recognition is of prime importance to further determine the timber grade. The recognition is normally based on the human expert’s eyes in which can lead to some flaws based on human limitations and weaknesses. The use of X-ray can cause emits radiation and can be dangerous to the workers. This paper addresses the employment of computational methods for knot detection. A pre-processing and feature extraction methods include contrast stretching, median blur and thresholding, gray scale and local binary pattern were used. More than 400 datasets of knot images of the tropical timbers, namely Acacia and Hevea Brasiliensis have been tested using C-support vector machine as a knot classifier. The findings demonstrate different performances for three types of kernel. Linear kernel function outperformed both radial basis function and polynomial kernel functions for Acacia and Hevea Brasiliensis species. Both species classifications using linear kernel have managed to achieve a promising accuracy. Knots classification with the used of support vector machine has shown a promising result to improve the classifier and test with different types of tropical timbers.

Keywords


Feature extraction; Image classification; Knot; Support Vector Machine; Tropical timber

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