Haze alarm visual map (HazeViz): an intelligent haze forecaster

Mohd Said Syukri Morsid, Syeril Azira Jamaluddin, Nur Azmina Hood, Norshahida Shaadan, Yap Bee Wah, Muthukkaruppan Annamalai

Abstract


The haze problem has intensified in recent years. The particulate matter of less than 10 microns in size, PM10 is the dominant air pollutant during haze. In this paper, we present the development of HazeViz, a Haze Alarm Visual Map forecaster, which is based on PM10. The intelligent web application allows users to visualize the pattern of PM10 in a region, forecasts PM10 value and alarms bad haze condition. HazeViz was developed using HTML, Java Script, PHP, MySQL, R Programming and Fusionex Giant. The SARIMA statistical forecasting models that underlie the application were developed using R. The PM10 trend analysis, and the consequential map and chart visualizations were implemented on the Fusionex GIANT Big Data Analytics platform. HazeViz was developed in the context of the Klang Valley, our case study. The dataset was obtained from Department of Environment Malaysia, which contains a total of 157,680 hourly PM10 data for six stations in Klang Valley, for the years 2013 to 2015. The SARIMA models were developed using maximum daily PM10 data for 2013 and 2014, and the 2015 data was used to validate the model. The fitting models were determined based on the Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) and Mean Absolute Percentage Error (MAPE). While the selected models were implemented in HazeViz and successfully deployed on the web, the results show that the selected models have MAPE ranging between 35 percent and 45 percent, which implies that the models are still far from robust. Future work can consider augmented SARIMA models that can yield improved results.

Keywords


Big data analytics; Haze; PM10; SARIMA; Visualization

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