Investigating the Effect of Demand Side Management on the Power System Reliability

Habib Daryabad


In electric power systems, the generated power should be equal with the demand and power of network is mainly controlled through generation system. In such operation, the demand is satisfied through changing the generated power and afterward, the safe operation of power system is reached. But during recent years, a new concept has been developed in electric power systems namely demand side management (DSM). DSM is the modification of consumer demand for energy through various methods such as financial incentives and education. Usually, the goal of demand side management is to encourage the consumer to use less energy during peak hours, or to move the time of energy use to off-peak times such as nighttime and weekends. One of the important models of DSM is interruptible loads. Interruptible loads are the right for an electricity utility to interrupt supply to a customer, typically during a system emergency, to relieve short term network constraints up to a couple of hours. Interruptible loads can be deployed in one of two ways. The network operator gives notice of an interruptible load event to the customer, then relies on the customer to reduce their electricity usage; or unilaterally interrupts supply to the customer. In this paper, the effect of interruptible loads on the power system reliability is investigated. A multi machine power system is considered as cases study. Simulation results show the great effects of interruptible loads on the power system reliability.


Demand Side Management, Interruptible Loads, Power System, Reliability


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